In Rwanda's Southern Province, 70% of the population lives below the poverty line. National livestock production does not cover the needs of the population. The low productivity of the livestock sector in Rwanda is due to disease, inbreeding and inadequate access to water and feed for livestock. Livestock keeping is, however, vital for livestock keeping families. With this income they can afford school and medical fees. They can also accumulate family savings in readiness for natural hazards and to buy clothes and improve their homes.